Why Gita?

To a compilation of prayers and songs meant for the supreme lord the World Poet coined a term “Gitanjali” for it. Linking to the practical aspects of life and mission of an individual with the specified spiritual destiny, Saint Vinoba coined the term “Katha[1] Gita (Gita through a series of stories)” and incorporated all the teachings and narratives of Gita in absolutely friendly way. Examples are in plenty. It had not diffused the glory of the original compilation of Gita, also had not conferred replacing the original poetic compilation with millions of narratives. Waves of vibrations that the chanting of Gita creates is based on the assimilation of collective vibrations of saintly senses that makes a way out through the surrounding of the place of worship and gives birth to an essence of keeping the collective vibrations of cooperation, brotherhood, divine omnipresence and inter-linkages of senses alive.

                We, in the same manner, can successfully create hundreds and thousands of such narratives duly inflicted with fundamental human values to make the spark of Gita a confluous one, a vibrant one and a strategic one. It has enormous power of accommodations for incorporating all sorts of socially and culturally relevant directives within the scope of its teaching related to individual refinement impregnated with spiritual ascent. It also makes the relationship of creator and the creation a vibrant one. We can specify any of the particular effort as an initiative inflicted with divine power meant for accomplishing certain works. All such Gita, duly compiled by saintly people, are not with us. In due course of time we have lost many of such beautiful, relevant and time tested compilations due to various reasons. Our mind kept on imbibing presence of such powers tradition by tradition through many of our rituals. Those graceful efforts played a significant role in keeping waves of community worship alive.

                Wider dimensions and expanded coverage of the teachings of Gita often make people worried about what to follow and what not to follow in real life. Also in some cases it becomes difficult to think about propositions in the actual ground. Because of lack of timely relevant practical knowledge of the situation, people even keep themselves aside from following and internalising teachings of the holy book in the real life situation. Approach of such religious and cultural teaching, therefore, should have proper considerations of some practical aspects of rituals and worships.

                Some people maintain a view regarding Gita is that the entire aspects depicted in this holy book are a confusing one. Saints from olden times worked differently to show that Gita is much relevant in terms of rituals and propositions presented in it. Here also we are trying to trace out a link up in between rituals, traditions and practices that we have in nature to re-establish the age old faiths of the omnipresence of divine within us at its varying formats.

We can see things as they occupy a definite shape. We cannot see energy and power due to their in capabilities of occupying space. To feel the presence of such powers in our surrounding, we often take the support of our senses and feelings. In some cases our observations are evidence based, in some other cases it may have some imaginary propositions. Here comes the act of limitations that restrict us to feel Ultraviolet and Infrared [2]radiations which remained off the band of the visible spectrum and duly restricted our sense of vision seven visible waves of light.

There arises another question related to our effort of analyzing the relevance of the teachings of The Gita in present day situation. It was the instructions delivered by Lord Krishna to Arjun during the epic age of Vedic Civilisation. That time war had its presence in the scope of royal management. That time conflicts had a final termination to war for making efforts a result oriented. Sins and sinners had their presence in olden times and are still there with us today; format and geo-locations might vary; arms and ammunitions might differ. Even from the pages of history we can see how Prince Ashoka smashed the Kingdom of Kalinga only because that kingdom had refused to hand-over the murderer of his mother to him.  Later on the war and the loss of lives of many innocent people had implied a deep impression in his mind and he had decided to refuse to take part in any other battle simply meant for territorial expansion. Teachings of The Gita have worked differently during different instances of the development of conflicts and agony.

Since conflicts and agony are beyond the scope of any historic time line, we can correlate teachings of any instances to prepare strategic actions of any other present day sectoral management plans. It has the impetus of the absolute knowledge of human actions, wishes, wills and conducts with absolute apprehension of delivering the needful.

 The reason of discontentment, sorrow and agony of Arjun after entering the battle field was rejected instantly by Lord Krishna through implying a sanction of his indulgence in the war. Killing any individual or creating another one is not the role of any warrior. A warrior can deliver the duty in time with a clear impetus of making the wiser side victorious. There are instances when people indulge in conflicts even after understanding destructive impacts of such instances. None of the sides, as evident from different historical records, remain victorious after a war.  

It is the right place to mention about Upanishads, often referred as Vedantas, as they exhibit doctrines, rituals and worship patters prevalent in later Vedic Civilisation.[3]  Those rituals and doctrines were duly incorporated in the great epics to make all sorts of teachings easy to understand. The Bhagavadgita along with majority of Upanishads and Brahmasutra are known as PRASTHANATRAYEE.[4] These three scriptures were studied extensively time to time to inculcate more relevant knowledge related to Divinity and Spirituality. Out of 108 known texts of Uapnishads only a dozen from the initial collection are considered as Primary (MUKHYA).[5] Concluding parts of Brahmans and Aranyaks are also filled with Mukhya Upanishads.[6] Authorship of all the anonymous tests duly collected from the garden of Upanishads is unknown. Group of saints might have collected and represented their lessons in the form of a collection.[7] Conversation between women like Maitreyi and Gargi are also inscribed in the holy texts of Uanishads.[8] Root of all such creations is principally radiated out time to time in different forms and also in different sectorian units from Vedas.

Pluralism of world view was characterised by the Upanishadic age; gradually inclined more towards dualism by combining Sankhya and Yoga doctrines efficiently.[9] The Bhagavadgita moved on a step forward by incorporating Vedanta along with Upanishadic dcotrines with an aspirations of delivering a common pattern of rituals, social formats and political will to the youths of the olden times.

Maitri Upanishad aspires for attainment of reverence and completeness by human beings with the help of the knowledge of Brahmans and repeated practices of meditation on such knowledge by the self.[10]

Further study of the Bhagavadgita reveals all such studies just like the gradual and successive unfoldment of petals of a lotus to ensure sincere and perfect blossoming. Our effort should have some positive motive force instead of some conflicting ideals of indulgence in debates or conflicts; for such kinds of arbitrary motive force cannot bring forward real objectives of teachings inscribed in the Holy Scripture.


Cultural Convergence

In the modern world we have various types of cultural and religious thought process advocating rituals, customs and traditions of different types, which are equally competent to enrich people in terms of knowledge assimilation, enhancement of devotion, courage, will power and dedication. The way we receive each of such culture to enrich our multiplurality will specify our degrees and ranges of success. Our motive force will guide accordingly to explore possibilities of working out converged cultural segments from all the rituals to move up towards vibrant as well as integrated waves of multi plurality.

India, at this juncture of the development of multiplurality, will be a best example for all of us. Here people learned a lot to live with each other tolerate each other and enrich each other differently. We cannot see light. Even we cannot see the propagation of sound through the material medium. Light strikes our eyes, reaches our brain and develops a sensation of vision through certain biochemically regulated life process of vision. With some sort of illusion, or lack of true knowledge only, we often claim that we can see light. Even all the colours radiated out from the sun are not recognisable by us. If God resides inside the individual, if all mysteries related to the ascent of a person on the path of divinity, then why any devotee search it out for gaining the blessings of any Divine power located outside the physically existing body? Why such a dwindling situation any individual face during the tenure of worship?

Lord Krishna narrated essence of feeling the Divine communion with the physically existing life through witnessing cultivation of knowledge, actualisation of the presence of any supreme power in sub conscious mind and possible ways and means to follow that power.  It enables an individual to come across the feeling of the advent of some completeness in the mind through knowledge transformation. Cultivation of knowledge regarding the relationship of the divine and disciple is enrouted from the age old traditions through the turmoil of the organic evolution. That evolution brought some change in the process of exhibits, but the core remained the same. It was even more perpetual and more profound regarding the ability of harnessing the relationship of matter and energy. We cannot imagine the existence of matter without the involvement of energy, and similarly energy takes a definite visible form to occupy certain space in this universe.

How do people see things and how do they correlate such unavoidable relationship of energy and matter is depend upon the level of understanding that one adheres with. A master of Physics and a master of Philosophy must have varying degree of explanations for putting forth the mystery behind the mechanism involved during inter-conversion of matter and energy. All organic combinations have certain physical and chemical sets of combinations in such a definite ways that they inculcate the abilities of interactions and abilities of giving birth to senses. Even evolution of sensory structures and related orientations became much collaborative in case of human beings. Here occurs a change which brought us near the state of explorations meant for examining the hidden mysteries behind creation and orientation of life forms in the living planet.

These days, things are known to us that earth like situation exists in the universe. Only the matter of concern is that we may not be able to reach the place even after attaining the speed as that of light in a year or two. Only we can admire the presence and orientation of such creations within our visibility. Only we can explore and examine such things with the help of optical and electronic instruments. With an understanding of such limitations human beings never arranged any voyage to explore the inner world of senses that can allow us to explore the outer orientation of time and space. Such an inner world exploration may require a little effort to culminate senses within a confinement for feeling the presence. There also resides a tremendous flux of energy accumulated within such a small space. Those mysterious combinations taking the form of life were explored differently by saints during olden times.

There developed a science of explorations of the correlations of the Creation and the Divine. Matter and energy indulged in a perfect orientation for letting senses flow through them. Arrangement and orientation of all our senses are directed outwardly. That is why we are bound to receive waves and sparks from the outside world. Our inner world remains unexplored in most of the cases. Only adherence of true knowledge and the journey of senses through inner world during meditation can pave a way out for exploring our own self. Meditation is the doorstep where orientation of senses get diverted towards the inner world and bring out mysteries associated to the fact of accommodation of the Divine power inside the living being.

Is that Divine power is restricted to the human beings only? The answer is, obviously and surely without any doubt, No. human beings has gained some sort of evolutionary supremacy in due course of time, but other beings are also of same potential and courage with a domination of animism in them. Dogs are loyal to their master, cats exhibit better vigilance power, elephants are more socialised beings having better memory power and tigers are the masters of their own territory. Taking hold upon the surrounding and defining the role according to trophic [11] level, we can easily arrange these beings and others without any difficulty.

            Philosophical and Spiritual supremacy is a step forward that makes a distinction between other animals and human beings. Then also we can witness inhuman acts from human beings and humanly acts from some inhuman animals. The orientation of sense organ and correlation of senses and sensory responses with memory and intellect is the only factor regulating such varying degrees and conducts of animismic and hunmanismic behaviours.

Presence of such a Divine power within the creation is the reason behind the maintenance of an idea of serving humanity with a correlated apprehension of serving God.  Only God cannot put a direct access to the feelings of the presence of such immense power within us. It is the approach with which we offer our services to living beings can develop a way out for us to feel the difference.

Once during pre-independent period in Bombay (at present Mumbai) a youth from some semi urban place approached a saint for offering himself at the service to divine. It made the saint happy. He wanted to know the exact reason behind his stand of doing so. Saint also enquired about his capabilities and considered his offering a wise one. Actually the fellow was searching jobs in the city. He was also a normal Graduate from any sub –urban area and his financial situation was also not so good. Perhaps the sacrifice might make him temporarily happy and contented, but will become a burden in due course of time. With happiness saint suggested him for searching out a suitable job and helping the parents and inmates of the family financially. Only After gaining some wealth and knowledge the person can really enjoy the glory of sacrifice. Right now the person has nothing special to sacrifice. Such sacrifice inflicted with sorrow and agony may put both the master and the disciple in trouble.

Even divine cannot allow any individual to put oneself and families in trouble and agony. It is the only state of contentment that helps a person during movement from the physical world to the spiritual world. Offerings of any kind and in any particular form will bring happiness.

Once upon a time, a shopkeeper had a beautiful dream. The dream was so beautiful and so perfectly understandable that he feared of sharing it with others. According to his dream the God himself wanted to visit his shop. It was winter season and more special about the time that, it was raining outside. Amidst such patchy rains he preferred opening the shop. Inmates knew it better about his firmness upon any decision. He prepared some sweet dishes, some snacks and few cakes for the strange visitor of the day. Face of God was appeared in dream and was not recognisable with any clear identification marks. “The Master must introduce himself, or may give some signal so that his poor fellow can recognise”, his happiness went on increasing bit by bit.

“Can I have some snacks and a cake?” An old lady was approaching the shop with a can on her hand.

“Today, actually I’ve not opened the shop! If you came then please, have it.”

“Guest! Some special or any usual one!” Curiosity of the old lady alarmed the shopkeeper for keeping the matter a secret one.

A cowboy was approaching holding a fruit in his right hand. “That guard is chasing me. Let me come in, please.”

“But, you are already inside my shop! Anyway let me see the fellow...”

Cowboy narrated the entire incident behind the reason of his hunger. That fruit was kept aside and the shopkeeper offered him a dish full of sweets, snacks and cakes.

“Don’t worry my child, I’m here with you.”

The matter settled in an hour. Striking of the noon time bell of the cathedral instructed the shopkeeper to finish his meal. But, what about that strange visitor! There were no traces of such visit amidst the sprinkling of droplets in the courtyard and a shower on the roads.

Evening time visitors were a cobbler, a mason, a hawker and a vagabond. Earning was not the matter of the day that is why he offered food to all the visitors with respect. It became possible because of his happiness. At last the mind refused to support him properly. Entire day and half of the night went on waiting for the master. Ultimately the time came to stop waiting for the strange visitor. His mind was still in a motive of receiving the visitor. May be the master is trying to meet him when calmness mounts the surrounding. With such anticipation he preferred keeping the door half open.

“So nice! So sweet! Really all items were tasty..” , the masterly voice brought his happiness back in dream.

“I may visit you again and again.”

Morning time dream mixed up profusely with chirping of birds and silver linings of the clouds.

“God came! Who was that? May be that boy! .. ” Series of anticipations and guessing went on for few moments. The entire face of the shop keeper was glistening with happiness. It was the time for feeling the presence of the Master in any nearby position. It had developed a faith in his mind, “My Master must come and visit me again.”


We cannot deny the role of a school in the life of any individual. The person gains a lot during school days. S(he) can  learn how to impart oneself in the society by redefining ones role in society.

It is not the only aspect of life through which any individual gets an opportunity to expose oneself to the fundamental value system prevalent in society. One’s choice factor plays a definitive role in this regard. 

Cultural background of an individual is greatly influenced by the immediate surroundings. Human beings, for an example of an ordinary type, are vegetarian by nature, but omnivorous by intended vigil of gaining some essential proteins from the animal sources. Development of canine indicates the biologically and naturally assigned habit to human beings. If we aspire for remaining confined within the naturally sanctioned habits of our own then the acts and conducts related to the killing of animals for the sake of gaining essentials will definitely go at its minimum.

Killing of animals for obtaining food and medicine is perpetually inflicted with acts of animism. It also signifies the place of human beings at a definite trophic level. It has also exposed our relationship with other organisms and our dependency upon the source. We rarely make ourselves capable of trapping waves directly from the sun. It will always reach us through the involvement of producers (such as green plants). Maintaining green plants in nature and allowing them to prosper in our surrounding is, therefore, becoming a non-avoidable activity of the system in which we are confirming our presence. The referred system also limits our ascent and conducts. Within that limit of acts and conducts any human being can explore possibilities of registering the presence of oneself by performing the duties duly assigned to the individual perfectly, perpetually and vividly.


[1] Hindi term Katha means Stories. Saint Vinoba Bhave translated Shri Madbhagvadgita in Marathi and also wrote a series of books to explain teachings of Gita through simple stories which were also contextually relevant.

[2] Both Ultraviolet and Infrared Radiations are the parts of the invisible band of spectrum incorporated in the Solar Radiation. Our visual sense organ can feel the presence of only visible spectrum comprising seven different colours.

[3] Jan Gonda (1975), Vedic Literature: (Saṃhitās and Brahmanas), Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, ISBN 978-3447016032

[4] Ranade, R. D. (1926), A constructive survey of Upanishadic philosophy, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan

[5] E Easwaran (2007), The Upanishads, ISBN 978-1586380212, pages 298-299

[6] Mahadevan, T. M. P (1956), Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (ed.), History of Philosophy Eastern and Western, George Allen & Unwin Ltd

[7] S Radhakrishnan, The Principal Upanishads George Allen & Co., 1951, pages 22, Reprinted as ISBN 978-8172231248

[8] Ellison Findlay (1999), Women and the Arahant Issue in Early Pali Literature, Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion, Vol. 15, No. 1, pages 57-76

[9] Glucklich, Ariel (2008), The Strides of Vishnu: Hindu Culture in Historical Perspective, Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-531405-2

[10] Hume, Robert Ernest (1921), The Thirteen Principal Upanishads, Oxford University Press, pp. 412–414

[11]. A Trophic level signifies the food habit of organisms during their representation as they exhibit in a food chain. Green Plants, for example prepares their own food with the help of sunlight and secures the first position in a food chain and basic position in the food pyramid. Second trophic level is occupied by herbivores, followed by carnivores at the third.

Why Gita?

To a compilation of prayers and songs meant for the supreme lord the World Poet coined a term “Gitanjali” for it. Linking to the practical...